Sunburn is damage to your skin caused primarily by too much UV (ultraviolet) radiation exposure. Too much UV radiation often causes the outer skin layers to become irritated and red, eventually burning and peeling away. Sunburns can lead to serious problems such as skin cancer, wrinkles, and age spots. Skin that has already been sunburnt becomes very red overtime and the burn will continue to build up for the next few days.
Redness and irritation are the initial signs that sunburns may cause. As the burn gets deeper, the pain and discomfort start to occur. UV rays may cause damage to the dermis layer of the epidermis. If you are curious about what is sunburn and what the best sunburn relief is, keep reading because this article will shed some light on this subject matter.
How to avoid sunburn
One way to prevent sunburn is by using products with a high SPF level, as well as avoiding overexposure to sunlight during the day, and always wearing a wide-brim hat or sunglasses. Also avoid too much time outside in the sun. If you must go out, wear protective clothing such as a baseball cap and always go with the shades on.
You may also want to consider an umbrella or sun shade to provide additional protection. When it comes to avoiding a burn, one of the best ways is to ensure that you don’t get too much sun exposure. Sunscreen products are available, but you should also use sun blocks if you live somewhere where the sun regularly shines.
Sunscreen should always be used whenever you’re going to be out in the sun for more than ten minutes. Sunscreen won’t stop the sun’s rays, but it will reduce the damage they can do. Sunscreens with SPF are very popular and widely sold now and you should always make sure you have one on at all times. If you do not even a bit of tan you should use 100 SPF sunscreen lotion, something like Neutrogena Ultra Sheer SPF 100+. Sunscreen with SPF 100 helps defend against the signs of sun and decrease the risk of skin cancer caused by the sun when used as directed.
How to treat sunburn
If you still got sunburned, then you can take frequent cool baths or showers to get help with the pain, and afterwards pat dry your skin. Do not rub your skin, this might get more irritated. Use an after-sun moisturizer that contains aloe vera to help soothe sunburned skin. The sunburn must heal in few days. In the meantime try to avoid sun altogether by using light clothing and hats.